Research is a process of systematic inquiry that entails collection of data; documentation of critical information and analysis and interpretation of that data/information, in accordance with suitable methodologies set by specific professional fields and academic disciplines.
Research is conducted to evaluate the validity of a hypothesis or an interpretive framework to assemble a body of substantive knowledge and findings for sharing them in appropriate manners and to generate questions for further inquiries.
Research is classified into quantitative and qualitative research.
Quantitative data guides in understanding the magnitude and scale of a problem statement in study by providing a numeric picture of its impact upon affected communities. It addresses the questions of how many and how much.
Qualitative data on the other hand, focuses on determining the nature of a problem statement in study. Qualitative data answers questions of how and why coping strategies have adapted, or failed to adapt, to the changed circumstance.
Data collection, Analysis and Presentation
Questionnaire design, data Collection, collation, analysis, and synthesis of qualitative and quantitative information, gathered and analyzed using appropriate sources, tools, and methods is the cornerstone that needs assessments which allows decision makers to plan a timely and appropriately to answer the problem statement.